Ch. The circumstances behind this letter reveal the difficult, often painful realities of ministry life. He was deeply concerned about how the Corinthians might react to it. AUTHOR: Paul, the apostle, along with Timothy ( 2Cr 1:1 ) PLACE OF WRITING: Somewhere in MACEDONIA, while Paul was on his way to make another visit to Corinth. On his third missionary journey (within 48-58), he stayed at Ephesus about three years. © Zondervan. Introduction. During this time Paul wrote his letter to the … This note on God’s comfort in affliction is a natural bridge to the body of the epistle, for 2 Corinthians is supremely about God’s glory in the midst of suffering. There seem to be certain themes which show its unity, such as "suffering." An additional problem is 2 Corinthians is a compilation of several other letters. C. Paul is stated to be the author in 1:1 and 10:1. This, as Macknight justly observes, is no hyperbole, but an animated expression, strongly descriptive of the generosity of the Macedonians. 12. 2 CorinthiansChapter Themes. Lucy Parr. Indeed, to fail to reconcile is to be outwitted by Satan ( 2:11 ). But the thanksgiving this time is not for the church’s progress in the faith (as is usual in Paul’s salutations), but for God’s comfort of him in the midst of great hardships (1:3-11). Paul begins his second (canonical) letter to the Corinthians with a customary greeting (1:1-2), followed by a customary thanksgiving (1:3-11). Paul vindicates his apostolic ministry in order to (1) strengthen the faithful majority in Corinth (primarily chs. 5 Examine yourselves to see whether you are in the faith; test yourselves. It had two harbors: (1) Cenchrea, six miles to the east on the Saronic Gulf, and (2) Lechaion, a mile and a half to the north on the Corinthian Gulf. 1. The available evidence indicates that the year a.d. 55 is a reasonable estimate for the writing of this letter. After writing the severe letter, Paul had second thoughts. In what is now called 1 Corinthians, there is a reference to a former letter in which instruction was given concerning the type of conduct that should not be tolerated in a Christian church. The opening greeting of the letter states that it was addressed to the church in Corinth and to Christians throughout Achaia (the Roman province comprising all of Greece south of Macedonia; see map, 2288). Moreover, brethren, we make known to you the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia: that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded in the riches of their liberality. These two letters address problem areas that … 2 I beg you that when I come I may not have to be as bold as I expect to be toward some people who think that we live by the standards of this world. 2 Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. This would be during his third missionary journey, in a part of which Luke says very little (cf. Purpose of Writing: The church in Corinth began in AD 52 when Paul visited there on his second missionary journey. •It is the least doctrinal of his letters, with the possible exception of Philemon. Purposes. The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians, probably written about 53–54 ce at Ephesus, Asia Minor, deals with problems that arose in the early years after Paul’s initial missionary visit (c. 50–51) to Corinth and his establishment there of a Christian community.The letter is valuable for its illuminations both of Paul’s thoughts and of the problems of the early church. Ch. But the thanksgiving this time is not for the church’s progress in the faith (as is usual in Paul’s salutations), but for God’s comfort of him in the midst of great hardships (1:3-11). It is stamped with his style and contains more autobiographical material than any of his other writings. He established the church in Corinth, and was the self-proclaimed "father" of the Corinthian believers (1 Cor. God has provided salvation and reconciliation for us through the sacrifice of His Son. Some identify this letter with 2Co 10–13. Major Outline of 1 Corinthians. The original plan was to sail from Asia (SW Turkey) to Corinth, travel up to Macedonia, back to Corinth, then sail to Judea (1:15 – 16) for Pentecost (Acts 20:16). Believers therefore embody the new creation of the new covenant by living for the sake of others. In 1 Corinthians 2:1 Paul implies that he had made only one previous visit to Corinth, the one during which the church was founded. Dealing With Divisions / Unholy Separation. 2 Corinthians 5 2 Corinthians 7 2 Corinthians 6:10 English Standard Version (ESV) 10 as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, yet possessing everything. However the punch of the book is comfort and that in all tribulations we have consolations in Christ. Cross references: 2 Corinthians 6:10: John 16:22; [ch. Later on his third missionary journey he spent about three years in Ephesus, from about 54 to 57 AD. For he preaches Christ, not himself: the human vessel is frail that God may have the glory; yet, though frail, faith and the hope of future glory sustain him amidst the decay of … The date of II Corinthians is inseparably linked to I Corinthians and the book of Acts. Later on his third missionary journey he spent about three years in Ephesus, from about 54 to 57 AD. So before sending off the letter he added the last four chapters to address this troublemaking group. Perhaps parts of 2 Corinthians contain other letters sent by Paul (the so-called “tearful letter”). 2 Corinthians. 4. This is the fourth letter he had written to the Corinthian church (in addition to 1 Corinthians, see the letters mentioned in 1 Cor. This new creation is characterized by God’s righteousness. 3. It is the working of the spine during this specific time each month . If this inference be accurate, then the painful visit was later. Paul makes reference to an earlier sorrowful, or severe letter in 2 Corinthians 2:3–4 and 7:8. What does it mean to walk by faith not by sight? They were false teachers who were challenging, among other things, Paul’s personal integrity and his authority as an apostle (see 11:4; 12:11). 5:9). Around the year 52 AD the apostle Paul was reaching the end of his second missionary journey, and he had just spent about a year and a half in Corinth where he made many disciples (Acts 18:10, 11). Macedonia was THE PLACE from which it was written ( 2 Corinthians 9:2 "am boasting," implies his presence then in Macedonia). Paul said that we will one day have a heavenly home that is unlike anything on this earth. To his relief, the news from the Corinthian church was basically good. Summary of The Book of 2 Corinthians. So after the riot caused by Demetrius and his fellow silversmiths (see Ac 19:23–41), he left Ephesus and set out for Macedonia by way of Troas. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians, commonly referred to as Second Corinthians or in writing 2 Corinthians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible. (2 Corinthians 8:1-5) The background to this is the great famine that struck in the land of Palestine (reported also in First Corinthians), in which many people were deprived of their livelihood. Although Corinth was not the intellectual center that Athens was, the Greek mind was still felt here. It seems that Paul wrote as many as four letters to the church at Corinth: (1) the letter referred to in 1Co 5:9 (see note there); (2) 1 Corinthians; (3) the “severe” letter (see 2Co 2:3–4; see also below); (4) 2 Corinthians. 2 Corinthians 6:14 What Fellowship And Light With Datkness (white) 2 Corinthians 6:7 In the Word Of Truth And Power Of God (brown) 2 Corinthians 6:2 Now Is The Day Of Salvation (white) 2 Corinthians 6:17 Come Out And Be Separate (sage) 2 Corinthians 6:10 Sorrowful Yet Always Rejoicing (beige) Since that letter is not likely referring to 1 Corinthians, this may be referring to a separate letter written between 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians. 2Co 2:13; 7:5 indicate that it was probably written from Macedonia (see chart, p. 2261). 2 Corinthians Major Themes . •2 Corinthians is the most autobiographical of Paul's letters, giving an intimate view of his personal life and ministry. The book is understandable as a unit. 2 Introduction to 2 Corinthians The first and last primary divisions are the address and blessing, and the greetings and blessing. The Holy Bible - 2 Corinthians Chapter 5 (KJV) The first part of 2 Corinthians Chapter 5 is about awaiting a new body from Christ because our earthly body will one day destroyed. This note on God’s comfort in affliction is a natural bridge to the body of the epistle, for 2 Corinthians is supremely about God’s glory in the midst of suffering. Summary. This psycho-physical seed is also called “fish,” as it has the odor of fish and is formed in the midst of the waters, the pure water. How, then, does one explain the harsh tone of chs. The severe letter had brought its intended results (7:5–16). 2. Context and Background of 2 Corinthians. More than any of his other letters, 2 Corinthians shows us the heart of Paul as a pastor. Nine of these book are letters to local churches (like the one in Corinth). How is Satan god of this world (2 Corinthians 4:4)? Paul tells us of his sufferings, oppressions and his thorn in the flesh. Those who reject him because he suffers are “false apostles” and “servants of Satan” (, Endurance through difficulty and Christlike behavior are made possible by the grace of God and are modeled by Paul himself. Ch. Background. Others think it has been lost. The first letter, dealing with the problem of fornication in the church, has been lost (1 Cor. This was approximately a year after he wrote 1 Corinthians and a year before he wrote his letter to the Romans. The God of All Comfort. Acts 18:1-18 and 20:2-3 relate Paul's being in Corinth, but there also seems to have been at least one unrecorded trip (II Corinthians 2:1; with a third visit mentioned in 12:14; 13:1-2). Acts 19:21).However, when Timothy returned from Corinth to Ephesus (cf. Do you not realize that Christ Jesus is in you —unless, of course, you fail the testRead full chapter Hugh Nibley. 4:15). Study This. He expected to meet Titus in Troas to get news of the effect of his severe letter on the Corinthian church, but Titus was not there (see 2Co 2:12–13). Introduction to 2 Corinthians 1 Background Paul first visited Corinth during his second missionary journey (within AD 39-52) and stayed about eighteen months. So when Paul returned to Ephesus, he wrote the Corinthians a severe letter “out of great distress and anguish of heart and with many tears” (2:4), probably sending it by Titus (12:8). Paul Greets the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 1:1-3)1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, . The God of All Comfort Paul’s opponents had questioned his motives and his personal courage. What does it mean to be absent from the body? Background. 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia: 2 Grace be to you and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. False Teachers Sufferings. During that time he wrote his first letter to Corinth, which is mentioned in 1 Cor 5:9-11. CHAPTER 4. The visit turned out to be painful and did not accomplish its purpose. But this I say: He who sows … The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle and a co-author named Timothy , and is addressed to the church in Corinth and Christians in the surrounding province of Achaea , in modern-day Greece . The Spirit transforms those in whom he dwells as a guarantee of the “eternal weight of glory” to come for believers at the resurrection (, Paul’s Defense of His Ministry as an Apostle (, Paul’s Appeal to the Repentant Church Regarding the Collection (, Paul’s Appeal to the Rebellious Minority in Corinth (. Suzanne Dandoy. This is made possible because believers are reconciled with God through the cross (, Repentance expresses itself in holiness. Karen May. At the center is the commendation of letter carriers, normally part of the closing. From 1Co 16:5–8 it may be concluded that 1 Corinthians was written from Ephesus before Pentecost (in the late spring) and that 2 Corinthians may have been written later that same year before the onset of winter. In Macedonia he met Titus, who had returned from Corinth with news about the church there. Paul’s letters to the Corinthians make up his largest body of work directed to an individual congregation. (Praise to the God of All Comfort. Because of the occasion that prompted this letter, Paul had a number of purposes in mind: The structure of the letter relates primarily to Paul’s impending third visit to Corinth. What does it mean that the love of Christ compels us (2 Corinthians … I have found FINALLY the truth of EVERY religions root. Paul’s suffering imitates the cross of Christ. 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the church of God in Corinth, together with all the saints throughout Achaia: 2 Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Background and Setting. Paul wrote 2 Corinthians from Macedonia a year or so after writing 1 Corinthians, during his third missionary journey. We now have a new identity as a son or daughter of God. 4 … Lavina Fielding. 1 Corinthians 16:10-11), the news that he brought was so disturbing that Paul changed his plans.The New Testament does not record Paul's travels of … Choking on Food. They argued that he had suffered too much to be a Spirit-filled apostle of the risen Christ. Ac 20:1-2 ). (6) Our giving should be bountiful, if we would be rewarded bountifully. This summary of the book of 2 Corinthians provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of 2 Corinthians. Book Summary The book opens with comfort and ends in comfort, in-between we have much of Paul’s testimony, how he was battered, shipwrecked, persecuted and stripped. A Vision Of Paradise Paul's Concern For The Christians At Corinth Paul's Concern For The Corinthians Paul's Concern About The Corinthians' Way Of Life . The third and fifth are about the gift for Jerusalem. These qualities are the greatest display of God’s presence, power, and glory in this fallen world (, The Spirit transforms believers into the image of God, which is seen in Christ. © 2011-2020 Biblica. 16:8 ), and 2 Corinthians was written after he left Ephesus (see Background and Setting), the most likely date for 2 Corinthians is late A.D. 55 or very early A.D. 56. He had just finished his three-year ministry in Ephesus and was visiting the churches in Macedonia as he made his way to Corinth. There is, however, no manuscript evidence that warrants splitting 2 Corinthians into two parts. 2 Corinthians 10:1 – By the humility and gentleness of Christ, I appeal to you—I, Paul, who am “timid” when face to face with you, but “bold” toward you when away! 2 Corinthians 4:1-18.HIS PREACHING IS OPEN AND SINCERE, THOUGH TO MANY THE GOSPEL IS HIDDEN. (1-5) The example of the Macedonian Christians. 1–7); (2) encourage them to contribute to the financial needs of other believers, as an expression of their repentance (primarily chs. But Paul argues that his suffering is the means God uses to reveal his glory (1:3–4, 11, 20). 2 Corinthians 4:8-12. What Relief Society Does for Three Single Women. Others hold that chs. Each of us has a ministry and Paul fulfilled his. In his previous letter Paul had spoken of his plans to move from Ephesus north to Macedonia and then down to Corinth (1 Corinthians 16:5-7; cf. Some think that when Paul had just completed writing the first nine chapters, a report came to him that a strong and vocal minority was still causing trouble at Corinth. 2 Corinthians 1:8 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family; also in 8:1; 13:11.; 2 Corinthians 1:12 Many manuscripts holiness; 2 Corinthians 1:19 Greek Silvanus, a variant of Silas In Asia (Lydian Asia) he had undergone some great peril of his life ( 2 Corinthians 1:8 2 Corinthians 1:9 [PALEY] to the tumult at Ephesus ( Acts 19:23-41 ALFORD thinks, to a dangerous illness in which he despaired of life. Brigham Young’s Doughnuts. What is the weight of glory in 2 Corinthians 4:17? Yet it contains deep doctrinal truths (2 Cor. A Private Place. Perhaps parts of 2 Corinthians contain other letters sent by Paul (the so-called “tearful letter”). He will judge all people according to their deeds. In this chapter the apostle seems to excuse his earnestness in pressing the Corinthians to the duty of charity (2 Corinthians 9:1-5), and proceeds to give directions about the acceptable way and manner of performing it, namely, bountifully, deliberately, and freely; and gives good encouragement for so doing (2 Corinthians 9:6 to the end). He stayed one and a half years, accomplishing much … 2 Corinthians 5:20; : Now then we are ambassadors for Christ; as though God did beseech you by us, we pray you in Christ's stead, to be reconciled to God. 12. Later on his third missionary journey he spent about three years in Ephesus, from about 54 to 57 AD. Introduction to 2 Corinthians. In the face of this serious situation, Paul decided to make a quick trip to Corinth (12:4; 13:1–2) to see whether he could remedy the situation. This is a purity-producing love for God and his church and a unity-creating love for one’s neighbor (, Christ, as Savior, is also the universal Judge. 3 Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort; The city of Corinth, perched like a one-eyed Titan astride the narrow isthmus connecting the Greek mainland with the Peloponnese, was one of the dominant commercial centers of the Mediterranean world as early as the eighth century b.c. 1820 Jet Stream Drive, Colorado Springs, CO 80921 • 719.488.9200Terms of Use | Privacy Policy, The Book of the Twelve or the Minor Prophets, Biblica – The International Bible Society, From Access to Absorption: Reading the Bible Big, Conversations With Daughters of the King: My Journey of Leadership, Incan Descendants Gather to Celebrate Modern Scripture Translation, To express the comfort and joy Paul felt because the Corinthians had responded favorably to his painful letter (, To let them know about the trouble he went through in the province of Asia (, To explain why he had changed his travel plans (, To ask them to forgive the offending party (, To warn them not to be “yoked together with unbelievers” (, To explain to them the true nature (its joys, sufferings and rewards) and high calling of Christian ministry. Date of Writing: The Book of 2 Corinthians was very likely written approximately A.D. 55-57. 2 Corinthians. In this chapter the apostle seems to excuse his earnestness in pressing the Corinthians to the duty of charity (2 Corinthians 9:1-5), and proceeds to give directions about the acceptable way and manner of performing it, namely, bountifully, deliberately, and freely; and gives good encouragement for so doing (2 Corinthians 9:6 to the end). There is, however, no manuscript evidence that warrants splitting 2 Corinthians into two parts. Although II Corinthians 13 was apparently unknown to Clement of Rome in a.d. 96, it is quoted by Polycarp in a.d. 105. Because of the occasion that prompted this letter, Paul had a number of purposes in mind: To express the comfort and joy Paul felt because the Corinthians had responded favorably to his painful letter (1:3–4; 7:8–9,12–13). 16:8), and 2 Corinthians was written after he left Ephesus (see Background and Setting), the most likely date for 2 Corinthians is late A.D. 55 or very early A.D. 56. Since Paul planned to stay in Ephesus until the following spring (cf. Tradition has been unanimous in affirming its unity (the early church fathers, e.g., knew the letter only in its present form). Furthermore, none of the early Greek manuscripts breaks up the book. Examples and encouragement. DATE A. 10–13). Background and Setting The apostle Paul wrote this letter to the Corinthian church in the spring of a.d. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Introduction and Background to 1 Corinthians. Paul addresses the need for the Corinthians to reconcile with an estranged brother (2 Cor. Edward J. Brandt. PAUL BEGINS TO ANSWER HIS CRITICS (2 Corinthians 10:1-6)10:1-6 It is I Paul who call upon you--and I am doing it in the gentleness and the sweet reasonableness of Christ--I, who, as you say, am a poor creature when I am with you, but a man of courage when I am absent. The encouraging report of Titus of the improved situation at Corinth is the immediate occasion of the writing of 2 Corinthians. 2 Corinthians is made up of two different letters. To the church of God in Corinth, together with all the saints throughout Achaia: 2 Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.. Introduction from the NIV Study Bible | Go to 2 Corinthians. 10–13 were written some time after Paul had sent the first nine chapters and that they constitute a separate letter. A. During this time Paul wrote his letter to the … 5). Intro to 2nd Corinthians •Last class we finished a detailed study of Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians which basically responded to the problems discussed in a letter from Cleo who was a member of the Corinthian church 2:3–4). The central theme of 2 Corinthians is the relationship between suffering and the power of the Spirit in Paul’s apostolic life, ministry, and message. We are troubled — The four articles in this verse respect inward, the four in the next outward afflictions. Summary of The Book of 2 Corinthians. BACKGROUND 2 Corinthians is actually Paul's fourth letter to the Corinthian church. The apostle Paul wrote 2 Corinthians from Macedonia around a.d. 55/56. If 1 Corinthians gives us unparalleled insight into the everyday life of a New Testament church, 2 Corinthians offers us a unique glimpse into the heart and soul of the apostle whose work founded and built that church. Title This is the second NT epistle the Apostle Paul wrote to the Christians in the city of Corinth ( see Introduction to 1 Corinthians ). After writing 1 Corinthians Paul continued his ministry at Ephesus until he heard that his letter had not completely accomplished its purpose. Before birth the human fetus floats, like a fish, in the fluids by which it is surrounded. Paul wrote at least four different letters to the church at Corinth, three of which are included in the New Testament. Paradise. Introduction: Salutation (verses 1-3) and Thanksgiving (verses 4-9) 1:10–4:21. New Testament Backgrounds: 1 and 2 Corinthians. «1 Corinthians Paul revealed in 1 Corinthians 4:19 his intentions of another visit to Corinth to set matters straight, and these intentions were probably realized with the less fortunate visit. 11. But Paul argues that his suffering is the means God uses to reveal his glory (1:3–4, 11, 20). A group of men had come to Corinth who presented themselves as apostles. the reference to Pentecost in 1 Cor. An additional problem is 2 Corinthians is a compilation of several other letters. 3-8, especially 2 Cor. The background to 2 Corinthians is complicated by letters from Paul we do not have as well as visits to Corinth by Paul, Timothy and Titus. We now have a new identity as a son or daughter of God. A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch, Part 3 . Around the year 52 AD the apostle Paul was reaching the end of his second missionary journey, and he had just spent about a year and a half in Corinth where he made many disciples (Acts 18:10, 11). John Hal Johnson. C. … Introduction from the NIV Study Bible | Go to 1 Corinthians Corinth in the Time of Paul. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians, commonly referred to as Second Corinthians or in writing 2 Corinthians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible. 2 Corinthians still speaks to the church today if we are willing to listen. We see Paul at work, teaching and exemplifying transparency, joy, good relationships, sincerity, reputation, service, humility, leader­ship, performance and accountability, reconciliation, … Verses 1-18. In Athens Paul had been ridiculed because of his preaching of the resurrection (Acts 17:32). Paul’s opponents had questioned his motives and his personal courage. Second Corinthians is the third of Paul’s letters.Of the 27 New Testament books, Paul wrote 13. I Corinthians. Author: 2 Corinthians 1:1 identifies the author of the Book of 2 Corinthians as the apostle Paul, possibly along with Timothy. For to their power, &c. — According to their ability, yea, and beyond their ability; they were willing of themselves — Without our soliciting them. 10–13, which is so different from the rest of the letter? The book of 2nd Corinthians is a deeply personal letter — a response to the complex history of the Apostle Paul and the church he established in Corinth. This is the so-called great digression, but it turns out to be in some ways the most important section of the letter (, To teach the Corinthians about the grace of giving and to make sure that they complete the collection for the poor Christians at Jerusalem (, To deal with the minority opposition in the church (, To prepare the Corinthians for his upcoming visit (, Paul explains the reason for the changes in his itinerary (, Paul encourages the Corinthians to complete their collection in preparation for his arrival (, Paul stresses the certainty of his coming, his authenticity as an apostle and his readiness to exercise discipline if necessary (, Apologetic: Paul’s Explanation of His Conduct and Apostolic Ministry (, Thanksgiving for Divine Comfort in Affliction (, The Integrity of Paul’s Motives and Conduct (, Forgiving the Offending Party at Corinth (, The Corinthian Believers—a Letter from Christ (, Seeing the Glory of God with Unveiled Faces (, The Prospect of Death and What It Means for the Christian (, A Spiritual Father’s Appeal to His Children (, Hortatory: The Collection for the Christians at Jerusalem (, Titus and His Companions Sent to Corinth (, Polemical: Paul’s Vindication of His Apostolic Authority (, Paul’s Defense of His Apostolic Authority and the Area of His Mission (, Conclusion, Final Greetings and Benediction (. in whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving, that the light of the Good … For he hath made him a sin-offering for us, who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him: for he saith, "I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee." The letter falls naturally into three sections: Some have questioned the unity of this letter (see above), but it forms a coherent whole, as the structure above shows. Since Paul planned to stay in Ephesus until the following spring (cf. Paul is the author of this letter (see 1:1; 10:1). In each clause the former part shows the earthen vessels; the latter, the excellence of the power. Background for Paul’s 2nd Letter to the Corinthians . The second letter (our 1 Corinthians) dealt with various problems he had become aware of. 2 Corinthians 8-9 is the longest discussion of the principles and practice of giving found in the New Testament. Summary of The Book of 2 Corinthians. 8–9); and (3) offer the rebellious minority in Corinth another chance to repent before he returns to judge those still rejecting him and his message (primarily chs. 5:9 and 2 Cor. 5:1–6:20. The internal evidence is too limited to defend a radical dissection of II Corinthians. The … There are three main sections to this epistle: (1… Access the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible notes when you upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus. “Jesus is a fish in the midst of the waters” St. Augustine. 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the church of God in Corinth, together with all his holy people throughout Achaia: (). The books of 1 and 2 Corinthians are just two of the letters that he sent to them to address issues and concerns. Chapter 10. In 2 Corinthians 5:17-21 Paul teaches that being “in Christ” results in a person becoming a “new creation”! From the Zondervan NIV Study Bible. The second and sixth are two main bodies, both about Paul’s ministry. Random Sampler. Paul begins his second (canonical) letter to the Corinthians with a customary greeting (1:1-2), followed by a customary thanksgiving (1:3-11). The city of Corinth: • After Corinth was destroyed by the Romans in 146 B.C., the city was rebuilt by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C. Background. We are not told what this thorn in the flesh was, whether some great trouble, or some great temptation. As believers face divisions across the global church as well as broken relationships closer to home, Paul’s gentle exhortations to pursue restoration when possible are words worth remembering. 2 Corinthians 6:10. More Bible verse art by Adrien Converse.. 2 Corinthians’ role in the Bible. the reference to Pentecost in 1 Cor. We need to fulfill our ministry and not be distracted by all of the things that would try to impede our progress. Ch. The central theme of 2 Corinthians is the relationship between suffering and the power of the Spirit in Paul’s apostolic life, ministry, and message. 2:5–11) as well as with Paul himself . Background. What does it mean to be an ambassador for Christ? • The capital of Achaia. 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