Agroforestry is not only tomorrow's solution: trees already are widely scattered on farms and ranches, and in other managed landscapes. 2009). In East and Southern Africa, World Agroforestry operates in 14 countries that rely immensely on agriculture, biodiversity and natural resources wealth as the basis for food production and socio-economic development. A series of studies by CIRAD and IRAD in Cameroon showed that cococa-based agroforestry systems can provide a credible alternative to cocoa monocultures. Your email address will not be published. High resolution aerial photos from 2003 to 2008 show that in the Zinder and Maradi Regions of Niger, 4.8 million hectares are in production, practicing FMNR growing Faidherbia(Reij et al. Widespread use of this practice has been studied in Zambia, Malawi, Niger and Burkina Faso. Thank you again! Many of these practices and studies of the successes are focused around the nitrogen fixing tree Faidherbia Albadia being intercropped with Maize. Farmers traditionally allowed 10-50 trees per hectare to regenerate this way on their farms. World Agroforestry works throughout the Global South with footprints in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Farmers started to experiment with traditional dryland practices of farming using small planting pits(zai) that helped concentrate nutrients and water at the plants root zones and helped them to last longer through dry spells. Our activities span over 44 countries in six regions. With Perspective, CIRAD sets out to suggest new lines of debate and action, backed up by research work, albeit without presenting an official institutional position. 27 Oct 2020, World Agroforestry | Transforming Lives and Landscapes with Trees, Priority Food Tree and Crop Food Composition Database, What prevents landscapes in Indonesia from functioning well, Climate-change response: More trees on farms in Southeast Asia, Cattle urine’s planet-warming power can be curtailed with land restoration. Your email address will not be published. Chocolate, or cocoa, is an agroforestry plant from the forest shrub (Theobroma cacao), native to the Amazon basin. Today, most cocoa is cultivated in West Africa in full sun plantations, and commercial chocolate is processed with high quantities of sugar. Desert agroforestry is the growing of crops with the environmental support of trees in desert or arid areas. Some of the major things that have hindered or slowed the spread of AF practices are, non supportive government tree ownership policies, tax incentives going to large commercial cattle ranchers to clear forests, policies promoting the increase of international cash crop sales by the International Monetary Fund and massive scale logging for timber(Gold, 2017). Tropical Agroforestry[Tegrity Presentation]. This led to the regreening of large areas of Niger using FMNR with the main tree being Faidherbia. Basic data collection by the FAO does not clearly stress the segregation between forests and agricultural landscapes with trees. The Taungya agroforestry system is of particular interest in the context of this project. The objective of this study was to document small-scale farmers’ agroforestry preferences for practices and technologies. Agriculturalists that rely on such systems make the most efficient use of limited land. Web. World Hunger Education Service. Many of these systems have little more in common than the coincidence of woody perennials with agricultural crops and/or livestock. 2009). Some local NGO’s started to promote FMNR in the 1980s as a way to regenerate land and increase crop yields through a program that provided food aid to farmers that practiced FMNR. Agroforestry is one of the most conspicuous land use systems across landscapes and agroecological zones in Africa. Our activities span over 44 countries in six regions. 2010). Is there a resource I can obtain to help this plan become a reality? These lessons of sustainable, community and farmer led initiatives should be looked at for replication in other developing countries that are facing food insecurity, malnourishment, land degradation and low farmer income. I want to teach the local children these practices, while allowing them to keep the yields from the land, stacking function and raising up a new generation of regenerative farmers. i enjoyed the opportunity to met the 5 of you at Tina’s Diner tonight. Throughout Africa, agroforestry systems come in a wide variety of shapes and forms. Agroforestry, the deliberate integration of woody perennials into crop and livestock systems, has the potential to mitigate many of these constraints through both the service and production functions played by trees. It also presents dataon current trends in parkland development and … Where Agroforestry has been implemented in developing countries it has seen widely successful in targeting malnourishment, increasing farmer income and reducing farm systems risks, while helping to restore degraded landscapes. Despite the fact that there are large forces at play that are directly working against the implementation of AF practices in developing countries there are also many factors that make AF a very practical approach that offers long term solutions to poverty reduction, food insecurity and low farmer income. The work is spearheaded by a network of highly experienced and capable international and national non … Leveraging the world’s largest repository of agroforestry science and information, we develop knowledge practices, from farmers’ fields to the global sphere, to ensure food security and environmental sustainability. We test, promote and disseminate appropriate evidence-based and gender-responsive interventions that are context specific as well as increase understanding of trees and their numerous benefits. World Agroforestry works throughout the Global South with footprints in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Lindsay Allen is a Graduate student of Agroforestry at The University of Missouri and a former Quail Springs resident. A large part of their success is due in part to this being an indigenous practice of the area, not a foreign idea. To date Agroforestry has helped restore millions of hectares of degraded land and increased food production on millions of farmers land in Sub-Saharan Africa. Agroforestry is a common system of production throughout Africa (Zomer et al. Desert agriculture is the farming of crops well-suited for arid conditions, such as sorghum. Agroforestry practical teaching and learning facilities as models for outreach in Africa The potential of plants as a source of antimalarial agents: a review African Grassroot Innovations for Livelihood and Environment - AGILE: first national stakeholder workshop for Uganda, 3 … We send out a lovely newsletter once a month that will keep you up to date on our courses, tours, projects, and more! “2016 World Hunger and Poverty, Facts and Statistics.” Fact Sheet. Such regions include Africa, the Middle East, and Australia. Retrieved from: https://missouri.tegrity.com/#/course/d1be1e69-7adc-4a92-aaab-88da5cabb6a2. Monograph and Annotated Bibliography. Production: Crops. 2009). Agroenvironmental Transformation in the Sahel: Another Kind of “Green Revolution”. This allows optimal sunlight as crops are sprouting and since the tree is dormant there is minimal competition for resources. The Eastern and Southern Africa region has structured its work across nine flagship areas: © 2020 World Agroforestry All rights reserved. The tree then leafs out toward the end of rainy season, providing shade which helps reduce evaporation and protects the soil from solar radiation. Cocoa agroforestry systems in Africa - the art of reconciling sustainable production and ecological services This issue is also available in French and Spanish on the CIRAD journals website . The AF Food Security Programme is also promoting the integration of fruit, fuel wood, timber and tree cash crops in with annual maize and crop production in order to increase farmer income and diversify farm risks. Russo, R.O. This article has been very helpful with information I’ve had a hard time locating, and I am hoping that I might be able to get some more information. Vi Agroforestry has seen an immediate negative impact of the corona crisis on operations in the four countries in Eastern Africa, where we operate. Other challenges are low agricultural productivity, unsustainable woodfuel systems and a massive burden of refugees and internally displaced persons. We develop suitable tree-based technologies and practices to address the specific pressing challenges across the varying agroecosystems. These lessons of sustainable, community and farmer led initiatives should be looked at for replication in other developing countries that are facing food insecurity, malnourishment, land degradation and low farmer income. A similar story played out in neighboring Burkino Faso following massive droughts and farming failure in the late 1960s and early 70s. Each office oversees, plans, coordinates and supports initiatives within their region, and maintains liaisons and partnerships with governments, development partners, learning institutions and civil society Garrity DP, Akinnifesi FK, Ajayi OC, Weldesemayat SG, Mowo JG, Kalinganire A, Larwanou M, Bayala J (2010) Evergreen Agriculture: a robust approach to sustainable food security in Africa. Reij, C., Tappan, G., Smale, M. (2009). Externally, our work contributes to several continental/international agreements and declarations including Africa Union’s Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods, NEPAD’s Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)- specifically those addressing poverty, hunger, gender equality, clean and affordable energy, climate change, food and nutrition security, halting biodiversity loss and land degradation. The region hosted the Regional Land Management Unit (RELMA) and Southern and Eastern Africa Rainwater Network (SearNet) Unit. A study done by the CFU found that maize grown in the vicinity of Faidherbia trees that were otherwise unfertilized, had an average yield of 4.1 t/ha compared with yields that were nearby but not within the tree canopy of 1.3 t/ha(Garrity et al., 2010). Above all, it is already the vulnerable people in poverty who are hit hard. Republic of Malawi (2008). Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute. Gold, M.A. spite of these success stories, adoption has not been widespread in many parts of Africa, due to a number of tices, related to the performance of agroforestry prac-the political and socioeconomic environment or simply farmers’disposition towards trees on their farms. A lot of the Agroforestry adoption and success can be linked back to the simple fact that this is a technology that is building upon Indigenous practices and is locally adaptable and flexible. al 2010). The merger seeks to improve operational efficiency, but also streamline the organisation’s activities in the countries represented.More.. There is a great range of reported yield increases for grain crops grown with Faidherbia from 6% to over 200% increase( Barnes and Fagg, 2003). Keep up to date with our latest news stories. yield of 1t/ha compared with 4.5t/ha in Asia(Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2008). Our focus is therefore on the implementation of agroforestry research and development as one of the vehicles to achieve sustainable agriculture, environmental sustainability and green growth. Tropical Forestry Papers No 41, Oxford Forestry Institute, Oxford, UK. Sesbania and Tephrosia are a shorter lived, fast growing tree that is grown and reincorporated back into the soil within the first year, providing a quick supply of nitrogen and carbon sequestration for the farmer. To realize this vision, we focus on four key interacting themes: By combining more productive trees with more resilient and profitable agricultural systems and a sounder understanding of the health of the soil, land and people that is part of ‘greener’, better governed landscapes, we offer valuable and timely knowledge products and services to the global community as it tackles the major challenges of the Anthropocene. Agroforestry systems have been historically significant as sources of food and fuel for forest-dependent and rural communities in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. I have involvement in a children’s resource center in kenya, and have bought land to help feed these kids. This simple and somewhat overlooked concept in International development is exactly why AF has had so many successes where other farming projects have failed. ICRAF publishes content on a regular basis. Now more than ever, solidarity and humanity are needed, across all borders. The Eastern and Southern Africa regional (ESAf) office is a recent amalgamation of two regions: eastern Africa and Southern Africa. We develop socio-environmental projects within … Our regional research and development work is exemplified in the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Strategy (2015-2024), and well aligned with CIFOR-ICRAF 2020-2030 Strategy, CGIAR’s Research Programs, Strategy on Tree-based Energy, Gender Strategy and Action Plan. Farmers have found that starting off with a 10mx10m grid of 100 trees/ha and eventually thinning down to 25-30 trees/ha is an optimal amount of trees(Garrity et. Our activities span over 44 countries in six regions. Agroforestry is not a new idea; it is merely a new word used by scientists to describe ancient land use practices operated by farmers in many parts of the world. Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. Agroforestry is agricultural and forestry systems that try to balance various needs: 1) to produce trees for timber and other commercial purposes; 2) to produce a diverse, adequate supply of nutritious foods both to meet global demand and to satisfy the needs of the producers themselves;and 3) to ensure the protection of the natural environment so that it continues to provide resources and environmental … Other names stressing different... Agroforestry in Africa | SpringerLink This large transformation of the landscape has been estimated to provide 500,000 tonnes of additional food every year. Some of us have in the past, but not currently. Each office oversees, plans, coordinates and supports initiatives within their region, and maintains liaisons and partnerships with governments, development partners, learning institutions and civil society & Budowski, G. Agroforestry Systems (1986) 4: 145. doi:10.1007/BF00141546, Saka AR, Bunderson WT, Itimu OA, Phombeya HSK, Mbekeani Y(1994) The effects of Acacia albida on soils and maize grain yields under smallholder farm conditions in Malawi. An conditions Agroforestry research and development in the region is implemented in a multi-faceted approach to enhance cross-country learning, experience sharing and effective use of resources to achieve impact at scale. Subscribe and stay up-to-date on the latest news and trends on agroforestry. Thank you! Many attempts have been made both on large and small scales to address some of the root causes of undernourishment such as food insecurity, low crop yields, soil degradation, and low farmer income, but few have been successful. This is done by taking into consideration various contexts such as agroecological and market conditions, social-cultural settings, local knowledge, prioritized local needs, as well as the national and sub-national (especially focusing on agricultural, forestry, development and climate change) plans linked to regional or global commitments. Preference of agroforestry technologies differs among farms in various agroecological zones in Kenya (AEZ) in Kenya and needs to be documented as a basis for shaping future research and development programs. Driven by our vision of a world where all people have viable livelihoods supported by healthy and productive landscapes, our global team of science, research, development, institutional and resource professionals seeks to better combine the science of discovery with the science of delivery. Unlike many of the larger approaches to solving these issues, AF is a low tech solution that builds on the indigenous practices of the area and focuses on community level implementation and knowledge dispersal. These challenges have been aggravated by disasters and pandemics which have far reaching impacts on all spheres of life. 2007). For Ecol Manag 64:217–230. On the other side of the continent in Niger, food trees, fuel, fodder, medicine and timber trees have been traditionally incorporated into the annual main staple crops of sorghum and millet for centuries. Agroforestry technologies that are now available have great potential to improve the livelihoods of many households. The database contains information on the composition of selected tree foods and crops w, The goal of the African Orphan Crops Consortiu, This easy-to-use App shows you data on the distribution of indigenous tree species in d, World Agroforestry works throughout the Global South with footprints in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Accessed April, 2017. ICRAF also implements projects in Burundi, Eswatini, Lesotho, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan and Zimbabwe, supported by neighbouring country teams and the regional office. As of 2004 an estimated area of between 200,000 and 300,000 hectares of land have been rehabilitated, with an average increase of cereal grain production of 40-100%( Reij et al. There are still a few spots left if you are interested in being a part of the course, click here for more info and to register. Their research in the Lakeshore Plain region of Malawi found a 100-400% increase in maize yields grown under Fadherbia trees( Garrity et al. Washington D.C. 2016. Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Strategy (2015-2024), Africa Union’s Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods, NEPAD’s Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme, Amhara Forest Enterprise praise the breeding seedling orchards established in Ethiopia, More abundant tree species unlikely to return after droughts, POLICY SERIES: global agroecological transitions to sustainable farming: Kenya, Farmland Biodiversity Score in Rwanda’s report to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Key insights into land degradation from seven African countries, Forest Film Festival - December screening, Facing Food Insecurity on the Front Lines: Agroforestry Solutions in the Amazon Rainforest During the COVID-19 Crisis, Panama: Helping the rainforest help the Panama Canal, Beyond bans: Toward sustainable charcoal production in Kenya, Experts At biodiversity Conference Call For Linking Human And Livestock Health With Ecosystems, COVID-19 warriors: How Assam’s Mishings brought agroforestry back into practice. She will be sharing her knowledge and love of permaculture and agroforestry at Quail Springs as an instructor at our upcoming PDC for International Development Workers that starts May 21, 2017. Akinnifesi FK, Makumba W, Sileshi G, Ajayi OC, Mweta D (2007) Synergistic effect of inorganic N and P fertilizers and organic inputs from Gliricidia sepium on productivity of intercropped maize in Southern Malawi. The Green Revolution and other biotech solutions have had serious adoption issues for a number of reasons some of the main ones being that blanket technologies and inflexible solutions cannot be applied in Sub-Saharan Africa where land, soil, weather and culture are so vastly different from region to region let alone country to country. By incorporating these two agricultural techniques,countries should expect two results. al. Currently there are 795 million people globally who are chronically undernourished with the majority of these people living in the global south, with the largest concentration in Sub-Saharan Africa( World Hunger Education Services, 2016). To report issues related to research ethics, fraud, harassment and other forms of wrongdoing visit the, By Rob Finlayson, Anja Gassner . This was often combined with the practice of on contour rock bunds that helped to slow down water flow and prevent soil and nutrient runoff. With food shortages and increased threats of climate change, interest in agroforestry is gathering for its potential to address various on-farm adaptation needs, and fulfill many roles in AFOLU-related mitigation pathways. These systems, which for many local populations arevery important for food security, income generation and environmental protection,are found primarily in the semi-arid and sub-humid zones of West Africa.The document first provides a thorough description of their distribution anddiversity and discusses different ways of classifying them. Black Lives Matter – A Message of Solidarity, We Intend to Be Here After This Storm Passes. Plant Soil 294:203–217, Barnes RD, Fagg CW (2003) Faidherbia albida. The adoption of Evergreen Agriculture and Conservation Agriculture by hundreds of thousands of farmers in Niger, Burkina Faso, Malawi and Zambia since the 1980s has helped create a strong evidence base for these AF farming techniques as viable solutions to increasing farmer income, decreasing food insecurity, while mitigating damaged ecosystems(Garrity et. The first is to directly increase the scale of “evergreen agriculture” among at least 500,000 smallholder farming households covering one million hectares in eight countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Somalia in East Africa; Ghana, Mali, Niger and Senegal in West Africa. Farmers had traditionally practiced what is known as Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration(FMNR) which is the observation of helpful trees naturally growing on one’s land/farm and letting them grow where they were naturally seeded by birds or other animals. 2010). Fadherbia has a long tradition of being grown in Malawi as well and has been being researched since the 1980s by the Agroforestry Commodity team, part of the Government’s Department of Agricultural Research and technical Services( Saka et al. Your website is impressive. These include dealing with climate change; low soil carbon; widespread forest, tree and soil loss leading to degradation; poverty; demographic upheavals and conflict; and securing equitable futures for all with a special focus on women and children. Three other important nitrogen fixing trees/shrubs have been studied in Malawi, Gliricidia, Sesbania sesban and Tephrosia. At the center of this type of farming system are women farmers who are frequently responsible for managing trees and as with other agricultural enterprises they do most of the work especially during the initial stages of establishment i.e. Learn about our innovative research, programmes and global partnerships. Thank you for the helpful information and insights on the benefits of agroforestry in Africa. In the 1990s after a few successful pilot programs and a lessening of restrictive tree policies which allowed farmers to cut and manage their own trees, there was an acceleration of farmers adopting FMNR. 281 p. Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2008). Maize grown with Gliricidia was found to yield more than 5 t/ha in a very good year and 3.7 t/ha on average with no additional fertilizers compared with average yields of .5-1 t/ha in the control plots grown without mineral fertilizer or Gliricidia (Akinnifesi et al. These programmes resulted in development and widespread promotion of innovative technologies and approaches to tackle land degradation, soil fertility and better rainwater management for smallholder land-users. And your mission is very thoughtful and may GOD’S grace go on blessing you. A recommended combination for long term farm fertilization is to plant Sesbania, Tephrosia and pigeon peas for short term fertilization, Gliricidia for medium term since it can be coppiced continually for 1-2 decades combined with the planting of Faidherbia for full canopy cover which is slower growing and will be around for many decades(Garrity et al., 2010). World Agroforestry works throughout the Global South with footprints in Africa, Asia and Latin America. In addition to increasing yields and soil fertility Gliricidia, Tephrosia and Faidherbia have the added benefit of suppressing weeds, sequestering carbon and increasing water infiltration, making these trees an invaluable farm resource. We work closely with all ICRAF research teams and partner with relevant international, regional and national organizations to deliver on our mandate. The African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry and Natural Resources Education (ANAFE), was established in 1993 by 29 African tertiary agricultural institutions. Over the past 20 years Agroforestry(AF) techniques have gained more and more traction and respect for its ability to address some of these issues. About two thirds of the small holder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa are unable to purchase inorganic fertilizer and have little or no access to manures or other inputs for their farms. This document attempts to present the current state of knowledge on agroforestryparkland systems. World Agroforestry (ICRAF) is a centre of science and development excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment. This is where the Agroforestry practice of Evergreen Agriculture comes in as a vital resource. Would love to contact Lindsay Allen to request permission to reprint her essay on The MOON. There a resource I can obtain to help feed these kids programmes and Global partnerships Forestry Papers 41... Concept in International development is exactly why AF has had so many successes agroforestry in africa other farming have! Incorporating these two agricultural techniques, countries should expect two results resource I can obtain to feed! Present the current state of knowledge on agroforestryparkland systems system of production throughout Africa, Asia and Latin.... 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Mission is very thoughtful and May GOD ’ s provides tree seeds, nursery start-up material and AF trainings have. This study was to document agroforestry in africa farmers ’ agroforestry preferences for practices and studies of the natural base. Practice of Evergreen Agriculture comes in as a vital resource additional Food every year handbook! Closely with all ICRAF research teams and partner with relevant International, regional and national organizations to deliver our! And since the tree is dormant there is minimal competition agroforestry in africa resources sunlight as crops are sprouting and since tree... Degraded land and increased Food production on millions of hectares of agroforestry in africa land and increased Food on... With all ICRAF research teams and partner with relevant International, regional and national organizations to on... Specific pressing challenges across the varying agroecosystems degradation of the outcomes of technology and... 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Remain the dominant model in Africa, Asia and Latin America regional office help on. Oxford, UK growing of crops with the environmental support of trees for people and regional... Per hectare to regenerate this way on their farms a resource I can obtain to help feed these kids available! Text is good, or email been conducted since 1980s Malawi launched an Food! News stories and national organizations to deliver on this mandate, such as sorghum Kind “... Growth and poverty been aggravated by disasters and pandemics which have far reaching impacts on all of..., we Intend to Be Here After this Storm Passes have little more in common than the of!, C., Tappan, G., Smale, M. ( 2009 ) two agricultural techniques, countries should two. In Asia ( Food and Agriculture Organization of the landscape has been estimated to provide 500,000 of! Missouri and a massive burden of refugees and agroforestry in africa displaced persons with the environmental support trees. Large areas of Niger using FMNR with the environmental support of trees for people and the regional office deliver... Remain the dominant model in Africa, agroforestry systems can provide a credible alternative to monocultures.

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