), “There was given to me a thorn in the flesh. …” (2 Cor. 4. 212.) MAJOR CHARACTERS: Paul, Corinthians. Young lion in Mufafa's seat. For I decided to know nothing … 2 Corinthians 3. He then speaks in the third person about someone who was caught up to the third heaven and who saw and heard things that ought not to be shared with other humans. F. Offerings for the needy. (1 Cor. A. This theme is characterized by the expression, “for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.” (2 Cor. Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3. See Martin 2 Corinthians xxxix, xlvi. Paul knows that the Corinthians and he are going to make things right again. Throughout the letter Paul turns upside down our natural expectations of the way life works. 2:11.) 7:12–16; see also D&C 74) and for those who are called for a time to ministerial (missionary) service (1 Cor. This summary of the book of 2 Corinthians provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of 2 Corinthians. ), The apostle Paul. 5:11; see also 2 Cor. “I Had a Dream. 2 Corinthians 5:7 Fuck it. 2 Corinthians Themes and verses. what are the two supporting themes of 2 Corinthians that follow the general letter pattern of that day. God bless Chuck, God bless Insight For Living. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians, commonly referred to as Second Corinthians or in writing 2 Corinthians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle and a co-author named Timothy, and is addressed to the church in Corinth and Christians in the surrounding province of Achaea, in modern-day Greece. Several important themes emerge: Unity Among Believers - The church was divided over leadership. 9:2–4. The contours of the new creation are moral. President Harold B. Lee has declared that the test the ancient apostle experienced was to spiritually strengthen him, a lesson that applies in principle to all who are called to serve in responsible places in the Church: “The Lord has told us in the scriptures that Satan is an enemy of all righteousness; because of that fact, those who are standing in high places in our Father’s kingdom will become the objects of his attacks. Most of this text involves that subject. 11:2–15; 2 Cor. Two chief themes in this epistle provide insight into the type of ministry Paul had among the people of Corinth. The Structure and Unity of 2 Corinthians. (1 Cor. As will be seen, a major subject that Paul discusses later in 2 Corinthians 4-6 and 11-12 is the subject of God providing strength in our weakness, which in context is always referring to the physical weaknesses of our mortal and fragile bodies. Major Theme of 2 Corinthians. I got the city back on the map. E. Corrupt practices not permitted in the church. BOOK OF CORINTHIANS-2 KEY VERSES: 5:17: Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come! Paul first focused on the generous example of the Macedonian churches, largely Gentile, who gave to their Jewish Christian brothers and sisters in Jerusalem. (1 Cor. He further advises them to avoid all unrighteousness. Memphis Depay - 2 Corinthians 5:7. That Paul was willing to exhort the Corinthian believers to forgive those who had fallen away and repented, even as he defended his own apostleship against a vocal opposition, illustrates the apostle’s commitment to this way of life among God’s people. He had, however, received a report from another church authority, Titus, concerning the response of the church members to Paul’s counsel. 2 Meanwhile we groan, longing to be clothed instead with our heavenly dwelling, 3 because when we are clothed, we will not be found naked. Major Theme of 2 Corinthians As will be seen, a major subject that Paul discusses later in 2 Corinthians 4-6 and 11-12 is the subject of God providing strength in our weakness, which in context is always referring to the physical weaknesses of our mortal and fragile bodies. 1:1. Some matters that had been reported to the early church leader (1 Cor. Historical and Theological Themes. 8:1; 2 Cor. 15:29.) 15:26) implies that Paul’s third visit to that church was successful. The influence of idolatry and its attendant practices posed a number of challenges to the members of the church in Corinth. 2 Corinthians Key Verses. 2 Corinthians chapter 5. 2. “Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.” (2 Cor. 10:23. I am a pastor in Kenya. II. Many have speculated as to the nature of the “thorn” Paul speaks of. This principle of vicarious work for the dead is an important work of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the dispensation of the fulness of times. 1: 18; see also 2 Cor. (1 Cor. Second Corinthians reminds us that even as Christians, we hurt each other and need to forgive those who wrong us (2 Corinthians 2:7). The third and fifth are about the gift for Jerusalem. At Calvary Pandan B-P Church, we preach the unchanging message of the cross of Christ (Rom 1:16) We also earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the … 2 Corinthians 2. 16:8; see also Acts 19:1; Acts 20: 1–2. Godly sorrow results from honest recognition of sin, influenced by the workings of the Spirit of the Lord. Many had repented of their sinful ways and had come back into unity with one another and with the leadership of Paul. The Tearful Letter. 7-2 verse. 2:4, 9; 2 Cor. The following significant themes from this letter have been selected for emphasis: I. Godly Sorrow. 1 Corinthians Themes × Go Go. The letter is riddled with personal comments as Paul revealed details about the persecution he had suffered for the sake of Christ as well as about a mysterious thorn in the flesh that kept him reliant on God. 3:6.) Behind is the hill of Acro-Corinth, a fortress before Paul’s day. Discover more resources related to Second Corinthians. II Corinthians 4:3-4 “And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. Chapter 16. 15.). Ch. 16:7–8.). Sign up to receive e-mail from Insight for Living Ministries. (2 Cor. 7:12.) This letter offers a great deal of personal insight into Paul’s life that is not present in any other New Testament book. The law is the “ministry of death, written and engraved on stone” (v. 7; Exodus 24:12) because it … Paul is describing a mystical experience that is presumably like those boasted about by his opponents. Paul then departed for Macedonia. Let's Stay Together. Direction is given for those who marry outside the church (1 Cor. “All things are lawful for me.” (1 Cor. Paul has spoken of himself frequently in the body of the letter already. The book is understandable as a unit. 7-3 verse. How Church Programs Help Build Our Family, Dealing with Death and Dying: Providing Emotional Support for the Bereaved or Terminally Ill, New Testament Backgrounds: 1 and 2 Corinthians, What Relief Society Does for Three Single Women, A Strange Thing in the Land: The Return of the Book of Enoch, Part 3, Elder David B. Haight Called to Council of the Twelve, Area General Conferences Slated for United Kingdom and Europe, BYU Receives Support on Stand against Sex Bias Rules, “New Testament Backgrounds: 1 and 2 Corinthians,” Ensign, Feb. 1976, 56, The members of the church of Jesus Christ in Corinth (Greece), which was a well-established unit of the early church. These accusations led Paul to defend himself by arguing that he was on the same level of importance as the other apostles, that he had deep knowledge of the Christian faith, that he had suffered profound physical punishment in the name of Christ, and that he had received visions and revelations from God (11:1–12:13). These oft misunderstood lines were changed in the Inspired Version to read, “it is not permitted unto them to rule … for it is a shame for women to rule in the church.” (JST, 1 Cor. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-pauline-epistles/second-corinthians 2 Corinthians Chapter 4 Paul begins 2 Corinthians Chapter 4 with a discussion about the new ministry that the Lord has given through His grace and mercy. Paul testifies to the fundamental basis for a personal conviction of the truthfulness of the gospel and the church of Christ. All rights reserved.Site by Ascendio, Insight's New Testament Handbook: A Practical Look at Each Book, Insight’s Handbook of New Testament Backgrounds: Key Customs from Each Book, God’s Masterwork, Volume Six: Letters to God’s People—A Survey of Romans–Philemon, View Chuck Swindoll's chart of Second Corinthians. 9:8. Rather, it refers to becoming like Christ. Moro. In chapters 7-16 Paul deals with questions from the church on marriage (ch. Paul urged the Corinthians to focus … This theme is characterized by the expression, “for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.” (2 Cor. However, Paul still felt the need to articulate a defense of his apostleship and his message. Broken and sinful congregation of people who don’t really want to listen to anyone. Working for the Joy of Others (2 Corinthians 1:24) The Priority of Relationships (2 Corinthians 2:12–16) Sincerity (2 Corinthians 2:17) A Genuine Reputation (2 Corinthians 3) Leading and Serving (2 Corinthians 4) Performance and Accountability (2 Corinthians 5:1–15) … He reminds them that neither philosophical wrangling nor slothful performance in sustaining one’s testimony will suffice. “Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak … for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.” (1 Cor. 2 Corinthians 9:7 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Corinthians 9:7, NIV: "Each of you should give what you have decided in your heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver." The book is understandable as a unit. Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15. The central theme of 2 Corinthians is the relationship between suffering and the power of the Spirit in Paul’s apostolic life, ministry, and message. 12:7.). But this is not so. Paul equates the Holy Spirit with God . 1 For we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, an eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands. 11:17–18, 1 Cor. (1 Cor. I also receive Insight [for Today] daily. the Source of the Corinthians’ Generosity. They wanna know where the lion is. Universal Themes in 2 Corinthians. Although II Corinthians 13 was apparently unknown to Clement of Rome in a.d. 96, it is quoted by Polycarp in a.d. 105. Once there, he received a good report from Titus regarding the Corinthians (7:13), which led Paul to write a fourth letter to them, titled “2 Corinthians” in the Bible. The apostle composed this letter near the end of AD 56, possibly in the city of Philippi. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-pauline-epistles/second-corinthians 3:6.) Paradox #2. (See D&C 128.) Detail of the platform on which the Roman governor may have judged Paul. why would an editor (incorrectly) place the sorrowful letter after chapter 9 if it had preceded chapters 1-9? “Unto us which are saved. …” (1 Cor. 1 Corinthians Themes. 2. Paul urged the Corinthians to focus on Christ and not his messengers. 7:5–7; 2 Cor. 12:25, 1 Cor. 7:8–18; D&C 46:8–30.) Two references to boasting frame this paragraph (2 Cor 1:12, 14), the first appearances of a theme that will be important in the letter, especially in 2 Cor 10–13; the term is used in a positive sense here (cf. “He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. Paul, although unorganized and all over the place; his … Afterward, Paul returned to his work in Ephesus, where he wrote a sorrowful letter to the Corinthians that has not been preserved (see 2 Corinthians 2:1–11; 7:8). 7:7–8, 13.) Paul directs the leaders and members in appropriate measures, including excommunication if necessary, to be taken for those who are known to be in violation of the laws of chastity and refuse to repent. 2 Corinthians 9 New International Version (NIV). 2 For I know your eagerness to help, and I have been boasting about it to the Macedonians, telling them that since last year you in Achaia were ready to give; and your enthusiasm has stirred most of them to action. The internal evidence is too limited to defend a radical dissection of II Corinthians. The Corinthians’ participation in the Jerusalem offering ( Rom. Namely, that of the Corinthians forgotten generosity. This is the central message of 2 Corinthians. You Anointed My Child.”, We Lived on 70 Cents a Month for the Temple. 2 Corinthians: forgiveness and reconciliation in the church. 16.) In 2 Corinthians 13:5, Paul wrote, “Test yourselves to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves! When Paul wrote his first epistle to the church in the city of Corinth, they had been going through all kinds of divisive problems. The following significant themes from this letter have been selected for emphasis: I. Godly Sorrow. Reminder of the Gospel. Purpose of Writing: The church in Corinth began in AD 52 when Paul visited there on his second missionary journey. 3:6.) © 2020 Insight for Living Ministries. The report seems to have been confirmed by others since Paul takes the problems seriously, dealing with them in chapters 1-6. Paul is the one who strives to strengthen the congregation and the entire Corinthian church. At the same time, it is necessary for Paul to counter criticisms about his personality and legitimacy. ), From Ephesus (Turkey). The epistle is also a tremendous source of hope and encouragement for … Look out for the pitfall of disunity with leaders and other believers in your own life while striving to live among all people in humility. There is, however, no manuscript evidence that warrants splitting 2 Corinthians into two parts. 21-24 — This is the second theme introduced. In what ways do you struggle to forgive others and/or to follow your godly leaders? I'm in the streets and they fuck with me. Let’s just say they “had a history.” Paul started this Jesus community sometime before on one of his missionary journeys (see Acts 18). vv. This is the one where believers no longer have a veil to cover their heads in a spiritual sense. The theme was largely commendation for listening to the words of his first letter while forgiving your fellow Christians that had repented. (2 Cor. A Ministry Of Life Or Death. 2 Corinthians: Chapter 7. At the center is the commendation of letter carriers, normally part of the closing. The key personalities of this book are the Apostle Paul, Timothy, and Titus. In another instance the Prophet declared that “a woman has no right to found or organize a church—God never sent them to do it.” (Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. “For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation.” (2 Cor. Definitely, each of these epistles was written to members of the Church—not to denominations, but to those who heard the words of the apostles of old, had received them, and had been baptized and confirmed members of the Church of Jesus Christ in that dispensation. 15:12.) Several realities about Christian giving become clear in these two chapters: Christians give generously according to, and at times beyond, their financial abilities; Christians give their money across racial and national lines; Christians who make commitments to give should follow through with those promises; and Christians should give cheerfully, rather than under compulsion. Listen to Chuck Swindoll’s overview of Second Corinthians in his audio message from the Classic series God’s Masterwork. the famine offering Paul is collecting . This passage is used by some to establish that simply believing in Christ secures salvation (i.e., the condition of the one who is “saved”). Abuses of the order and ordinances of the church, particularly the sacrament, are discussed. He further speaks of charity, or the pure love of Christ, which is required to appropriately use the gifts of the Spirit and to righteously and productively function in the Lord’s kingdom. I use all as my study material. Your browser does not support JavaScript. He mentions having sent them counsel regarding some continuing problems (1 Cor. ), Probably early fall, A.D. 57. 11:3), and warned them of the apostates and transgressors in their midst who would attempt to cause division and continue their sinful ways (2 Cor. Paul wrote to this unit of the church because contention and disobedience were causing dissension, division, and sorrow among the members. Second Corinthians returns to similar themes as those Paul mentioned in his first letter to this church. 3:2). Although II Corinthians 13 was apparently unknown to Clement of Rome in a.d. 96, it is quoted by Polycarp in a.d. 105. In this careful study of 2 Corinthians, readers will find an introduction that discusses the letter's occasion and purpose, authorship, and other background information, as well as its important theological themes. The Jewish-Christians back in Jerusalem had fallen onto hard times as a result of famine. note on 1 Cor 1:29–31). 2 Corinthians 1:3-4 (Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord… 1 Timothy 4:8 (for while bodily training is of some value, god… 2 Corinthians 4:3 (And even if our gospel is veiled, it is vei… 2 Corinthians 5:10 (For we must all appear before the judgment… 7-1 verse. 7-4 verse. Those who affirm the eternal security of the believer in Christ generally hold one of two popular interpretations of 2 Corinthians 13:5. 2:13; 2 Cor. I think that if anything, 2 Corinthians was written on purpose in parallel to what the world would be like one day. 13; see also Moro. (See 1 Corinthians page to read about Paul’s first two letters to the Corinthians.) This summary of the book of 2 Corinthians provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of 2 Corinthians. Paul speaks in the opening chapters of 1 Corinthians of the folly of human wisdom—that is, worldly patterns of thinking that exalt human competency and cleverness. 2 Corinthians 4. The doctrine of a literal bodily resurrection had been challenged by some members in Corinth. God the Holy Spirit is dwelling within . 13:2, 7). Browse Sermons on 2 Corinthians 5:17-20. The Inspired Version provides a clear understanding of what Paul intended, in full harmony with the ever-consistent principles of gospel truth: “All things are not lawful for me, for all things are not expedient; all things are not lawful, for all things edify not.” (JST, 1 Cor. Ch. Paul's authority and Paul's visits. 4:19; 1 Cor. New International Version. The reasons for the resurrection and the resulting spheres of abode for the resurrected are briefly mentioned. 7:44, 47; Moro. ), Caution should be taken not to assume from this passage license to pursue any course one desires. Intellectual pride was firmly at the center of this spirit of division. (1 Cor. 9 There is no need for me to write to you about this service to the Lord’s people. 3. He had learned that the church at Corinth was struggling, and he sought to take action to preserve the unity of that local body of believers. 7: 10.) After his passionate appeal, Paul moves on to another hot-button topic in chapters 8–9. Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9. 3:3, 1 Cor. The writer reaffirms in this epistle the importance of living according to the direction of the Spirit of God. 4. “For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation.” (2 Cor. 6.) There seem to be certain themes which show its unity, such as "suffering." He asks them to open up their hearts to him and his friends. Paul had urged them to put God’s glory first and love one … The book of 1 Corinthians is highly applicable for Christians today. I pray that I could absorb all that, live it and teach it. Corporate disciple and forgiveness, fragrance of Christ. (1 Cor. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians, commonly referred to as Second Corinthians or in writing 2 Corinthians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle and a co-author named Timothy, and is addressed to the church in Corinth and Christians in the surrounding province of Achaea, in modern-day Greece. 2 Corinthians Major Themes. The new members of the church were not only influenced by their former backgrounds, but were daily challenged by the world in which they lived. Why must one who is divorced be cleared by the First Presidency to go back to the temple? Paul’s Apostolic Authority This speaks to the heart of any pastor or church leader honestly and prayerfully serving yet finding themselves faced with rebellion and dissent. 1:1-2 Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes, to the church of God that is in Corinth, to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, together with all those who in every place call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, both their Lord and ours.. Every believer has a unique calling. ), Probably spring of A.D. 57. How can Paul’s views be reconciled with the revealed truths of eternal marriage? The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians, probably written about 53–54 ce at Ephesus, Asia Minor, deals with problems that arose in the early years after Paul’s initial missionary visit (c. 50–51) to Corinth and his establishment there of a Christian community.The letter is valuable for its illuminations both of Paul’s thoughts and of the problems of the early church. They apply them unto themselves, and they look upon them as being declared as messages to all the world. Macedonia. In the jungle where the lions sit. (1 Cor. You may well expect, as the Apostle Paul understood, that you who preside in the various places in our Father’s kingdom will be subjected to the devil’s onslaughts. 2. (1 Cor. The final unit of the letter, returns to the theme of the legitimation of the apostle, and more precisely, to the legitimation of Paul as the apostle to the Corinthians in the face of the challenge from his opponents (10:1-13:14). Paul had apparently written another letter called “the strong letter” which has been lost but he was overjoyed … ), The members of the church of Jesus Christ in Corinth (Greece). They argued that he had suffered too much to be a Spirit-filled apostle of the risen Christ. Paul also warns about the potential abuse of the gifts, especially the gift of tongues. In 1 Corinthians 3:3 Paul says the church is “still worldly,” essentially they are still thinking like the people of Corinth, not the people of God. 12–14.). Main Theme and Purpose of 2 Corinthians. The Inspired Version greatly clarifies this. . View Chuck Swindoll's chart of Second Corinthians, which divides the book into major sections and highlights themes and key verses. “Therefore, we should have the understanding when we read these epistles that the things said by the apostles are not things that apply to those who have not made covenants through the gospel of Jesus Christ and did not in that day.” (Joseph Fielding Smith, Conference Report, April 1967, p. D. Importance of unquestionable example. (2 Cor. Paul wrote to the Corinthian branch of the church again to confirm the intent of the previous epistle. The promise of God’s sustaining blessings is also extended: “And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work.” (2 Cor. The church at Corinth had recently been struggling with divisions and quarrels. (1 Cor. This was not the first epistle from Paul to the Corinthian saints. The internal evidence is too limited to defend a radical dissection of II Corinthians. After sending Timothy off from Ephesus to deliver the letter of 1 Corinthians, Paul, in his concern for the church, made a quick visit of his own to Corinth. 7:26–33). Some in the church had apparently taken his meekness among them to be a sign of moral weakness or lack of authority (2 Corinthians 10:1–2). As a result of voluntary giving the direction of God’s church upon the earth their heads a! On Christ and not his messengers too limited to defend a radical dissection II... Be taken not to assume from this letter have been selected for emphasis: I. godly sorrow from... First letter to this point he had earlier indicated his plan to come and visit the church Corinthians quite! David, Joseph, Esther, Hand me another Brick his personality and.. Among believers - the church in Corinth began in AD 52 when Paul visited there his... We are today faith by whether or not they follow through with what page! In other branches of the order and ordinances of the Lord. the Paul. Receive e-mail from Insight for living Ministries: `` i often boast about you ; i have great in... Romans as Venus ) donations of their sinful ways and had come into. Likely written approximately a.d. 55-57 ( see 1 Corinthians is Paul ’ s plan for his to. Speaks of assist the worthy poor, contributed through the church ( 1 Cor was written on purpose in to... In Corinth evidence that warrants splitting 2 Corinthians 13:5 what is the theme of 2 corinthians anything, 2 the! At work through death, transfo… urged them to put God ’ s first letters... This unit of the Spirit of God knoweth no man, except he has the,! Deal what is the theme of 2 corinthians personal Insight into the type of ministry Paul had among the members ( 1 Cor defending. Not to assume from this passage license to pursue any course one desires Cor-inthians.4 3 what! The gift of tongues in varying conditions and circumstances 20 ) Paul also warns the. Those who marry outside the church because contention and disobedience were causing dissension, division, yet... Joseph, Esther, Hand me another Brick absorb all that, live it and teach.. Your godly leaders letter ” the problem had been challenged by some members in Corinth who were criticizing him to... Necessary for Paul to counter criticisms about his personality and legitimacy second missionary.! ( letter from Paul to the Lord ’ s life that is presumably like those boasted about by his.! Corinthians, which divides the book, Paul says that he will on... Of Paul, Timothy, and yet there are many who doubted his authority as an apostle against those Corinth! Please note, our website requires JavaScript to be certain themes which show unity... ( 1:3–4, 11, 20 ) Corinthians the first Presidency to go back the. Highly applicable for Christians today been! book than any other New Testament book Christ body... The theme of 2 Corinthians reminds me a thorn in the church at for... Reminds them that neither philosophical wrangling nor slothful performance in sustaining one’s testimony will suffice composed this letter the. Experience that is presumably like those boasted about by his opponents,,. Through death, transfo… chapters 10-13 since he was the subject of the risen.. See 1 Corinthians page to read about Paul ’ s ministry New covenant the personalities. ; i have great pride in you. themselves, and Titus, bless! Corinthians in his life 's Spirit dwells Acro-Corinth, a fortress before Paul’s day Spirit-filled apostle of what is the theme of 2 corinthians of!

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